When was the Monroe Doctrine declared?

December 2, 1823 was announced the so-calledthe Monroe Doctrine, which proclaimed completely new and unpredictable principles of the foreign policy of the United States of America. It was about this document that the fifth US president, who held the honorary post for two consecutive terms, James Monroe, reported in his message to Congress. The essence of this quite democratic doctrine was in one very important phrase - "America for Americans."

monroe doctrine

So, let's consider in more detail the essence of thisdocument. The Monroe Doctrine pointed out that the United States in the near future should be completely freed from the need for colonization and the subsequent introduction into the domestic policy of any European state. Foreign policy and diplomacy were now also under strict control.

Moreover, the United States of Americathe moment had to remain completely neutral in all European wars. For example, in the event of war in Spain or Italy, the United States could not take the side of one of the rivals. It is worth noting that only a few specialists of that time really believed that America would be able to withstand neutrality. On the other hand, this country had every right to consider the possibility of further creation of colonies on its territory, to interfere in the internal affairs of absolutely all American states.

foreign policy and diplomacy

After the publication of this document, opinionsof the population were divided. Some were simply afraid of this kind of innovation, while others, on the contrary, believed that now there would be a bright future for the Americans. The thing is that the authorities were afraid that Spain would be able to withdraw its colonies in Latin America, which only recently began to show independence. In addition, President Monroe himself had no desire to recognize the newly emerged republics until the acquisition in 1821 of Florida from Spain.

Russian foreign policy

After such a completely successful deal Americaliterally untied her hands. In turn, the UK played a significant role in this process, as it opposed the re-conquest of Latin America and offered to refrain from its immediate colonization. After lengthy negotiations, in which adviser Adams, the US president, also participated, after listening to his immediate subordinate, he made concessions and accepted the British proposal. Accepting the offer, Monroe, among other things, noted that in this case the Russian Empire also should not expand its borders towards the south of the Pacific Ocean.

After 20 years, the speech of the American president was included in a chronicle called the Monroe Doctrine.

Of course, in those days it was impossible to namerelations between the two giants — Russia and the United States — are warm or, on the contrary, hostile. And the Monroe doctrine made their relationship even more neutral, according to history and geopolitical experts. Moreover, the current foreign policy of the Russian Federation in some aspects is the result of a situation that existed before.