The protection of soils is of great importance to ourplanet. Incorrect exploitation of this natural resource caused the emergence of processes of destruction of the upper layer of the earth, as well as loss of its fertility. As a result, from the use of the agro-industrial complex, huge areas fell on which it is impossible to achieve the required yield.
Soil conservation today is an acute problem that is taking on a global scale. It has a direct bearing on the issues of providing the population of our planet with food.
Soil protection is a whole system of measures aimed aton the implementation of certain actions to protect, improve the quality and rational use of land resources. Carrying out these works allows preserving and increasing fertility, as well as maintaining the stability of the upper layer.
The main causes of loss of fertility are:
- erosion processes;
- secondary salinization of soils on which the irrigation system is applied;
- destruction of vegetation and soil layer for the purpose of mining;
- pollution by harmful elements;
loss of humus, etc.
The most destructive is the soillayer during the course of erosion processes. Combating these phenomena, as well as taking preventive measures to prevent it, is an important component of the protection of land resources.
The fertile layer also suffers from the secondarysalinity. It sharply reduces the productivity of fields, which is the reason for their exclusion from the use of farming. Special distribution of secondary salinity is in areas with arid climate, where there is a need for watering the land. This increases the level of groundwater, which, evaporating, contribute to salt accumulation in the fertile layer. To prevent this phenomenon, appropriate measures must be taken. These include the implementation of control measures of water-salt regimes and compliance with their regulatory value.
A global problem that has affected all ourthe planet is soil pollution. It is a process, as a result of which various chemical elements and toxic substances accumulate in the upper layer of the earth. The sources of their allocation are vehicles and industrial centers, as well as agro-industrial production. The surface layer of the soil suffers from the entry of a large amount of harmful substances from the atmospheric air, and also when fertilizers containing pesticides and various ballast elements are introduced. Actively pollute land resources vehicles. With exhaust gases, lead and nitrates enter the atmosphere, as well as other harmful substances.
Soil conservation contains the main strategicdirections that are complex and multifaceted. Industry and energy industries should gradually move to produce products that are ecolabized, allowing to produce little or no-waste use of available resources. The work of agricultural enterprises is also subject to restructuring. It should be subordinated to the need to take measures to introduce the most effective means, which are allowed to deal with pests. The criterion for choosing the fertilizers to be introduced is their small pesticide hazard.
Soil conservation should also be included in theconstant control over the condition of the upper layer of the earth. The adoption of preventive measures can include the presentation of specially designed mock-ups. Signs of soil protection are of a warning nature. According to customer samples, for example, LESPROMDIZAYN company is engaged in their production.
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