Foreign policy of the USSR in the 30-40's
The international situation in whichthe development of the USSR in the pre-war period, was quite complex. There were pockets of tension in the Far East and Europe. The capitalist powers of the world were secretly preparing for war. In Germany, power passed to the fascist party. All these phenomena pointed to the fact that the situation in the world was very intensely approaching the armed conflict.
The foreign policy of the USSR in the prewar years was determined by a number of circumstances.
First of all, it should be noted thatthe alignment of forces in the international arena has changed qualitatively in the 30s - 40s. Mostly, these changes are associated with the emergence of the first state with a social system of government, exacerbation of the contradictions between the colonies and the metropolises. Of no small importance was the rather intensive development of Germany's economy, a state that was dissatisfied with its international position.
Changes have also affected the nature of the approachingarmed conflict. The dispute between the imperialist states for redivision of the world was to turn into a confrontation of the powers among themselves, as well as the opposition of the whole bloc to the country with another socioeconomic system, the Soviet Union.
The foreign policy of the USSR, in spite of everything,continued peacefully. The state openly opposed the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The Soviet Union even offered military assistance to this country. But Czechoslovakia refused.
The foreign policy of the USSR until the 39th year is considered a model of the desire to prevent war, to stop the aggressor. The Soviet Union was at that time the most implacable opponent of fascism.
But by the summer of 1939 the position had changed. In September of the same year, treaties and secret protocols were signed, according to which the Soviet Union and Germany become practically partners.
This turn is connected with severalcircumstances. It should be noted that the situation in the world by the 39th year did not allow the Soviet Union to fight alone. The country needed to ensure its security. In this situation, the foreign policy of the USSR could go along three lines. The state could continue to remain alone, conclude a military agreement with France and England, or sign an agreement with Germany.
Thus, by the summer of 1939 negotiations began between Britain, France and the Soviet Union to sign a pact for mutual assistance and the formation of an anti-German coalition.
The foreign policy of the USSR before the militaryThe confrontation was of a contradictory nature. This was due not only to the peculiarities of the international situation of that time, but also to the peculiar nature of the bureaucratic system in the party-state leadership of the Soviet Union itself.
The postwar period the state was experiencinghard enough. In the 1950s-1960s, new political and economic foundations began to be laid in the country. The foreign policy of the USSR in the postwar years began to change its course. Along with this, fundamental changes took place in the society itself.
After the war with Germany, the USSR was recognized as a great country. Various powers of the world sought to establish diplomatic relations with the state.
The most important direction in the international policy of the Soviet Union was the provision of border security, as well as the struggle against the new development of fascism.
Relations between the USSR and the USA became close. Thanks to the efforts of American and Soviet diplomats, it was possible to form the World Bank, the United Nations and other structures that are fundamental in the creation of an economic and political order. In addition, the USSR has since taken its place (together with China, France, Britain and America) in the Security Council at the UN.
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