Territory of Russia. Features

The study of the geography of a country includesself assessment of the state's territory, economic development, living conditions of the population. In the discipline, many definitions take quite specific forms. For example, the country's territory is estimated as part of the planet on which a certain power is spread. This concept also includes airspace, the water area belonging to the country, subsoil and resources.

formation of the territory of Russia

Formation of the territory of Russia

When studying the social geography of a specificcountries should distinguish similar at first glance concepts. For example, the space and territory of Russia are considered somewhat different definitions. Various regions adjoin the country. The territory of Russia includes sea and air spaces. From the north to the country is joined the Arctic region. The area of ​​Russia is 17 million 75 thousand 400 km2. In accordance with international agreements, the country owns inland waters (the White Sea, the Czech and Pechora Bay, the Petra Bay, including). The territory of Russia also includes a strip along the coasts, the width of which is just over twenty kilometers. The state is also assigned an economic zone of 370 km. There is an opportunity to explore and develop natural resources, to extract seafood.

the area of ​​Russia

Criteria for assessing the state territory

For each country,only the magnitude, but also the configuration of possessions, as well as the ability to conduct economic activities in those or other areas. For the development of certain areas, large investments are needed. For example, a significant part of the country's territory is located in the permafrost zone. Only about twenty percent of the land is available for farming. In the assessment, experts also take into account the fact that almost all the seas, by which the territory of Russia is washed, freezes. Given the factors listed, the size of the areas suitable for management is much less than all the holdings.

In accordance with the configuration of the territory of Russiaand its position in Eurasia, the country lies mostly within the special northern zone. This makes it necessary to increase energy and fuel costs, construction costs, transport routes, development and development of resources.

territory of russia

Natural potential of Russia

As you know, the state takes the leading placeon stocks of fuel resources. By the amount of natural gas, Russia stands at the first position, for oil - for the second, for coal - for the third in the world. In addition, in the country's possessions there are the largest deposits of iron ore, non-ferrous metals. The leading place is occupied by Russia both in terms of timber reserves and in terms of water resources. The state owns Lake Baikal. Almost a quarter of the world's fresh water is concentrated here. At the same time, experts note that most of the listed resources are concentrated in the northern territory, which is inhabited and developed quite poorly.