Ambitious military reforms of Peter 1

The foreign policy of Peter the Great was sufficientambitious. The young Russian tsar yearned to conquer for his great empire an outlet to the seas, which do not freeze. In order to achieve these goals, and serious military reforms were carried out by Peter the Great, as a result of which a strong army was created. In Russia, with Peter appears regular army. According to legal data, the beginning of its construction was laid in 1699 - the military reforms of Peter. The tsar issued a decree, in which the sources of the formation of the regiments were determined.

military reform of Petra 1
Hunters were recruited into the regiments, who werefree subjects and received a salary of eleven rubles a year; Dacha people who were called recruits and recruited from the peasants. The recruitment process was determined by the military reforms of Peter the Great: from monastic peasants with 25 households there was one recruit, noblemen who served in the civil service, from the 30 households of one recruit were supplied to the Russian army, and the farming noblemen who served in the army gave 50 households one recruit.

During the period when military reforms were being carried outPeter 1 (1699-1725), 53 recruitment kits were conducted. Recruits, as well as their children, who were born during the service in the royal army by their father, were freed from serfdom. However, the fate of the recruit was a lifelong service in the army of Great Russia. On the left hand, each recruiter had a special stigma, indicative of his fate. It is worth noting that they were given outfits and weapons, and they also underwent very serious military training.

military reform of Petra

Recruitment system in the era of Peter the Greatevolved over a period of five years. By the end of the reign of the Russian Tsar, the Russian army had reached 318,000 troops. Soldiers and officers of the army were required to possess certain knowledge, to be proactive and disciplined. These conditions are an important condition in any army.

Petra's first military reforms

The "Military Charter" was issued in 1716 andremained unchanged for over 150 years. In accordance with this, soldiers must be executive and disciplined, and officers - independent and active. The military reforms of Peter the Great provided for the active training of officers for the Russian army. As a result, the Russian army has become one of the strongest in Europe. The Northern War became an indicator of this.

In addition, with the simultaneous creation of a regularThe Russian army continued its construction of the Russian fleet. By 1702, Voronezh had built 23 galleys, 28 ships and a mass of small ships. True, the fate of the Azov fleet was sad: some of the ships were sold to Turkey, and some were completely destroyed. However, already in 1703 a large Olonets shipyard was built on the Baltic Sea. In the Baltic Sea to the very height of the Northern War, the Russian fleet consisted of 22 ships, five frigates and many small ships and boats. It is worth noting that by the end of the reign of Peter the Russian fleet numbered thirty thousand people. That is why the military reforms of Peter the Great were both very timely and productive. Thanks to them, Russia was able to successfully complete the Northern War and gain access to the sea.