America: the continent's population, its origin and characteristics
The American continent consists of two largecontinents - North and South America. On the territory of the first there are 23 independent large and tiny states, and the second includes 15 countries. The indigenous people here are Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts and some others. After the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus in 1492, his active colonization began. As a consequence of this, throughout the whole of America, America’s population now has European roots. It should be noted that, according to historical data, the Vikings first visited here about one thousand years ago. However, their expeditions were rare, so they did not have a significant impact on the population.
Ethnic composition of North American residents
As of today on the mainlandNorth America's population is mainly descendants of the British, French, as well as the Spaniards, who migrated here during the years of colonization. In this regard, most of the inhabitants of local countries use the appropriate languages. An exception can be considered some Indian peoples, mostly living in Mexico. They managed to keep their native language to this day. About twenty million Americans are blacks. Their ancestors were brought here by colonizers from Africa in order to ensure slave labor on local plantations. Now they are officially considered part of the American nation and mainly live in the USA, as well as in the countries of the Caribbean region, where there are also a large number of mulattoes and mestizos.
Population size and density
North America's population exceeds528 million inhabitants. Most of them are concentrated in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The first two countries are dominated by descendants of immigrants from France and England, and in the third - from Spain. The first civilized states here were created by the Mayan and Aztec tribes. An interesting feature that characterizes the mainland North America - the population here is not evenly distributed. Its highest density is observed in the Caribbean islands and in the southern part. Here it is more than two hundred people per square kilometer. In addition, this indicator is quite high in the eastern part of the continent and in the United States.
Ethnic composition of South Americans
Mostly on the mainland South America populationrepresented by three major races - Caucasoid, Equatorial and Mongoloid. Its ethnic composition is largely associated with some features in the historical development of the region. Currently, representatives of almost 250 nationalities live here, most of which, unlike the North American ones, were formed relatively recently. Native Indians, European immigrants, and African slaves took part in their formation.
Now the population of South America is moreconsists of creoles - descendants of conquerors from Spain and Portugal, who were born on this continent. If we proceed from such a parameter as the number, then there are mestizos and mulattoes. Most of the states located here have a rather complex composition of inhabitants, based on an ethnic point of view. For example, about eighty tribes live in Brazil (excluding the smallest), in Argentina - approximately fifty, in Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Colombia and Bolivia - more than twenty in each of the countries.
South American population and density
According to the latest official figuresThe population of South America exceeds the level of 382 million people. Its average density in the territory of the mainland is in the range of ten to thirty inhabitants per square kilometer. This indicator is lower only in Bolivia, Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana. In South America, many researchers identify two main types of settlement - internal and near-ocean. The first of these is characterized mainly by the Andean states (for example, Bolivia, which is the most high-altitude country of our planet), and the second - to countries whose development occurs under the influence of colonization by Europeans (Argentina, Brazil).
Languages in South America
The population of South America in most countriesspeaks spanish. It is official in many local states. At the same time, it should be noted that there is a huge amount of borrowing from English, French, Italian and German. The second place on the mainland belongs to the Portuguese language. The largest country in which it is recognized as an official is Brazil. Among the English-speaking territories can be noted Guyana, which was once a British colony. In Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru, the second state languages are Indian languages - Aztec, Guarani and Quechua.
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