Population of Tatarstan: dynamics, number, ethnic composition
The Republic of Tatarstan ranks eighth inthe number of residents among other subjects and regions of the Russian Federation, behind Moscow and the Moscow region, the Krasnodar Territory, St. Petersburg, Sverdlovsk and Rostov regions, as well as the Republic of Bashkortostan. The population of Tatarstan has a diverse national composition, a fairly high number of urban residents, even in comparison with the average data for the country and the positive dynamics of growth in the last ten years.
Population dynamics of Tatarstan
The first statistical data on the numberthe inhabitants of the republic began to gather from 1926 - six years after the formation of the Tatar Autonomy as part of the Soviet Union. The population of the Republic of Tatarstan was then just over two and a half million inhabitants.
Since the establishment of Soviet power dynamicsthe number was positive. Even in the difficult 1990-ies the population of Tatarstan annually increased by at least ten to twenty thousand people. Record annual growth in the 90s was recorded in 1993 (compared with the previous period) and amounted to 27 thousand people.
Slowed growth in 2001. The negative trend persisted until 2007. It is likely that the decline in the birth rate and the simultaneous increase in mortality were mainly due to the general demographic crisis in the Russian Federation. The reasons for this phenomenon are:
- poor quality of medical care;
- high level of violence, unfavorable criminogenic situation;
- alcoholization of the population;
- a bad ecological situation in the country;
- non-spread of ideas of a healthy lifestyle;
- in general a low standard of living.
At the beginning of 2017, the population of Tatarstan is three million and almost nine hundred thousand people. This is 18 thousand more than in the previous year, and 31 thousand, than according to the 2015 census.
Settlements by population
The expected capital is the leaderrepublic - the city of Kazan. There live 31% of all inhabitants of the region (1.2 million people). The population of the Republic of Tatarstan in the cities further distributes settlements in this order:
- Naberezhnye Chelny (13% of the population).
- Nizhnekamsk (6%).
- Almetyevsk (almost 4%).
- Zelenodolsk (2.5%).
Then follow Bugulma, Elabuga, Leninogorsk, Chistopol and other cities of the republic.
Below is a map with the conventions of cities, commensurate with the percentage ratio of the number of inhabitants of the municipality in comparison with other populated areas of the republic.
The number of urban residents in Tatarstan is 76%, which indicates a high level of urbanization in the region.
National composition of inhabitants
The population of Tatarstan is significantnational diversity. The main ethnic group is represented by Tatars (53% of inhabitants), followed by the Russian population (almost 40% of the population of the republic). Other groups are represented by the Chuvash, Udmurts, Mordvins, Ukrainians, Maris, Bashkirs and many other nationalities and ethnic groups. In total, 7% of the republic's residents indicated a different nationality during the census, rather than Tatars or Russians.
The number of the indigenous people of the republic, by the way,gradually increases. If in 1926 the Tatars accounted for 48.7% of the population, by 2002 the figure had risen by 4.2%. The share of Russians, respectively, decreases: from 43% in 1926 to 39.5-39.7% in 2002-2010. Tatars form the majority in 32 of the 43 settlements of the republic, while the Russians make up the majority in 10. In another municipality the largest group of the population is Chuvash.
Other demographic indicators
The growing population of Tatarstan iswith high birth rates in the republic. A prolonged decline was observed only in the 1990s, followed by a decrease in the birth rate in 2005. For the last ten years, the number of births per thousand people was less than 10.9, in 2014 the birth rate was 14.8 people. (on average in Russia - 13.3).
The natural increase in population in Tatarstan (at2014) is positive and is 2.6. For comparison: for all regions this indicator is at the level of no more than 0.2. The expected life expectancy of the population is increasing from 2011 and, according to the latest data, is 72 years.
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