St. Petersburg: population and employment.
St. Petersburg is the second capital of Russia. Every year the number of residents residing in it increases at the expense of visitors. The city is full of prospects, which is the decisive factor for those who move to St. Petersburg. In this connection, the question arises: in which spheres does the population of St. Petersburg live?
Number of citizens
In terms of population, St. Petersburg ranks second in the Russian Federation. It has 5,281,579 inhabitants.
Despite the fact that the city was founded in 1703, the control over the population of St. Petersburg began only in 1764. In the first city reports 150 000 Petersburgers were registered.
As the city flourished, the number of residents increased rapidly. The first million citizens were marked in 1891.
By 1917 this number had exceeded 2,400,000. However, further developments - the revolutionary upheaval, the First World War, and in time the Great Patriotic War, - significantly affected the population of St. Petersburg. If by 1941 the townspeople had 3 000 000, by 1945 - only 927 people.
Gradual return to peaceful life led toreturn of evacuated Petersburgers, and also a large number of people were drawn to the city from the ruined villages, villages and cities. And already in 1950 in St. Petersburg again lived 3 million inhabitants. In the future, this number increased at the expense of newcomers, as well as by increasing the demographic situation. And now, for 2017, the city unites 5 281 579 people.
St. Petersburg, like Moscow, is a place,where people from other cities and settlements are flocking all the time. The main reason is to find a good job. It's not for nothing that they say: "The big city is a great opportunity."
The employment of the population of St. Petersburg is diverse. The northern capital is one of the economic centers of Russia. It operates huge enterprises for the production of various products, tourism companies and services are expanding. The cultural side of the city also flourishes. Therefore, "finding a place" within the megalopolis is quite possible.
The unemployment rate in St. Petersburg does not exceed 1.5%. There are always a large number of open vacancies in the city, which do not require education and special skills. But native inhabitants refuse such work, but for many newcomers it is an excellent variant of earnings.
One of the largest cities of Russia is the place of residence of a large number of different nationalities.
According to the latest All-Russian population census (2010), the ethnic composition of the city is as follows:
- 92% are Russians;
- 1,5% - Ukrainians;
- 0,9% - Belarusians;
- 0,73% - Tatars;
- 0.57% are Jews;
- 0.48% - Uzbeks;
- 0.47% - Armenians;
- 0.42% - Azerbaijanis;
- 0.29% - Tajiks;
- 0,20% - Georgians.
This is not a complete list. In addition to these peoples, there are about 40 different nationalities living in St. Petersburg. But the quantity of each does not exceed 0.1%.
Fertility in the city exceeds mortality. In the next 1.5 years, 67-69 thousand people are expected to be born. Also today, the influx of migrants has increased significantly.
The death rate for the past three years has become blue. According to health, the main causes of human deaths in St. Petersburg are:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system and oncology;
- diseases of an infectious and inflammatory nature;
- other reasons.
The deaths from homicides and suicides in St. Petersburg are approximately half that in Russia.
In general, the demographic situation in the northern capital is considered positive and stable. Fertility indicators rose by 5.2%, and deaths - fell by 5.1%.
What do social surveys of the population of St. Petersburg show? Studying them, experts see that this city is fully suitable for life.
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