Accounting for the production process in the enterprise management
Organizational management methods are resourcesinfluence on people's interests and take into account the production process and its social results in all economic activity strategies. These include organizational-stabilizing, organizational-administrative and organizational-disciplinary.
Organizationally-stabilizing methods are concludedin establishing links in the system on a contractual basis. The process of organizing production on the basis of organizational and administrative methods is to maintain the prescribed mode of functioning of the organization by correcting the impact in the event of deviations.
The process of production management on the basis of organizational and disciplinary methods consists in avoiding deviations from the algorithm in the future activity of the organization.
Economic methods are the resources of influence oninterests of individuals and their associations. They operate in the sphere of regulation of economic relations and introduce methods of centralized planned management and self-supporting methods into the accounting of the production process. The methods of centralized planning guide include: development planning; financing; formation and distribution of funds in the enterprise; pricing; planning of investments, profit, profitability, etc.
Self-supporting methods include: commensurate costs and production results; use of material interest and responsibility; reimbursement of expenses of the enterprise by their incomes; providing profitability, which allows to conduct expanded reproduction.
Economic management methods include: methods of regulation by the authorities, as well as regulated by the company (the higher organization). The methods regulated by the authorities include: the tax system, credit and financial policies. The methods regulated by the company include: economic standards, incentives and responsibility for results of work, standards of corporate ethics.
It should be accepted that logiceconomic methods of management, accounting of the production process, is to use the interest: "do what is profitable, cost-effective, effective", "know how to interest."
Economic methods should use a variety of incentives and help management bodies make scientifically sound initiative decisions.
These methods are based on the use of: economic incentives (wages, material, moral incentives, social benefits, housing construction, etc.); rationing; financing; crediting; planning; pricing; taxation; self-financing; expansion of economic independence and responsibility; self-supporting relations, etc. An important factor in the application of economic management methods for enterprises operating in the market is the transition from "vertical" to "horizontal" management. Economic methods at all stages of the development of society must, above all, combine the interests of the individual (personified worker) - the collective - of society.
Socio-psychological methods of conductingmanagement are based on managing the processes that take place in the workforce itself. They are aimed at satisfying social needs and act as regulators of social, ideological and ethical relations.
Accounting for the production process and rolesocial and psychological phenomena in the team, are conducted to ensure reliable forecasting of its development, increasing the effectiveness of management in the enterprise.
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